Terms of Use


The works of authorship contained in this world wide website in the domain "www.NASDAQ.com" (the "NASDAQ Site"), including but not limited to all design, text and images, are owned, except as otherwise expressly stated, by The NASDAQ, Inc. or one of its affiliates (collectively, "NASDAQ, Inc."), and may not be copied, reproduced, transmitted, displayed, performed, distributed, rented, sublicensed, altered, stored for subsequent use or otherwise used in whole or in part in any manner without the prior written consent of NASDAQ, Inc. except to the extent that such use constitutes "fair use" under the Copyright Act of 1976 (17 U.S.C. §107), as amended, and except for one temporary copy in a single computer's memory and one unaltered permanent copy to be used by the viewer for personal and non-commercial use only, with an attached copy of this page containing NASDAQ, Inc.'s Copyright, Disclaimer, Trademarks & User Generated Content Notices.

Unless you have a NASDAQ Logo License or other written agreement in effect with NASDAQ, Inc. which states otherwise, you may only provide a hypertext link to the NASDAQ Site on another website, provided that (a) the link must be a text-only link clearly marked "NASDAQ Home Page" or "NASDAQ.com", (b) the link must "point" to the URL "https://www.NASDAQ.com" and not to other pages within the NASDAQ Site, (c) the appearance, position and other aspects of the link may not be such as to damage or dilute the goodwill associated with NASDAQ, Inc.'s name and trademarks, (d) the appearance, position and other aspects of the link may not create the false appearance that an entity is associated with or sponsored by NASDAQ, Inc., (e) the link, when activated by a user, must display the NASDAQ Site full-screen and not within a "frame" on the linked website, and (f) NASDAQ, Inc. reserves the right to revoke its consent to the link at any time in its sole discretion.

Sections of the NASDAQ Site are powered by HyperFeed® market data. Data is delayed twenty (20) minutes unless otherwise noted, AND IS BELIEVED ACCURATE BUT IS NOT WARRANTED OR GUARANTEED BY HYPERFEED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND IS SUBJECT TO HYPERFEED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. TERMS. All times are Eastern United States.


Neither The NASDAQ, Inc. nor any of its affiliates (collectively, "NASDAQ, Inc."), nor any of NASDAQ, Inc.'s third party information providers ("Information Providers") (nor any of these entities' officers, employees, directors, or agents): (1) has passed on the merit of any of these securities; or (2) has endorsed or sponsored any of these securities. The information contained herein is provided for informational and educational purposes only, and nothing contained herein should be construed as investment advice, either on behalf of a particular security or an overall investment strategy. ADVICE FROM A SECURITIES PROFESSIONAL IS STRONGLY ADVISED.

All information contained herein is obtained by NASDAQ, Inc. from sources believed by NASDAQ, Inc. to be accurate and reliable. However, NASDAQ, Inc. is not responsible for any content published or posted on the NASDAQ Site, including but not limited to any content that is considered illegal, offensive, threatening, libelous, defamatory, or obscene. Further, neither NASDAQ, Inc. nor the Information Providers are responsible for any inaccurate postings, comments, or information on the NASDAQ Site, whether posted or caused by users, employees, equipment, programming, or conduct of users, online or offline. The NASDAQ Site may contain information on various finance and accounting issues, securities and securities markets (collectively, "Financial Content"); however there is no guarantee that any information on these matters is true, correct, or precise. ALL INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO FINANCIAL CONTENT, IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. NASDAQ, Inc. AND THE INFORMATION PROVIDERS MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS AND DISCLAIM ALL EXPRESS, IMPLIED, AND STATUTORY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND TO USER AND/OR ANY THIRD PARTY, INCLUDING WARRANTIES AS TO ACCURACY, TIMELINESS, COMPLETENESS, MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Investment related advice and comments presented on the NASDAQ, Inc. Site are solely those of the individuals or entities who published them. They do not in any way represent the opinions of NASDAQ, Inc. on whether to engage in any specific investing decision. Use caution as you read through information posted on the NASDAQ Site and when engaging other users.

NASDAQ, Inc. may, but has no legal obligation to, remove content that it determines in its sole discretion to be inaccurate, unlawful, offensive threatening, libelous, defamatory, obscene or otherwise objectionable or violates any party's intellectual property.

The NASDAQ Site is not a forum to register a formal regulatory complaint. If you have a specific complaint about the trading of a security, a broker-dealer, or registered representative, please register your complaint with an appropriate regulatory entity. For more information, see www.sec.gov (U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission), www.finra.org (Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) or www.nasaa.org (North American Securities Administrators Association).



Some U.S. states and foreign countries provide rights in addition to those above or do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages. Therefore, the above limitations may not apply to you or there may be state provisions which supersede the above. Any clause of this Disclaimer declared invalid shall be deemed severable and not affect the validity or enforceability of the remainder. The terms of the Disclaimer may only be amended in a writing signed by NASDAQ, Inc. and are governed by the laws of the State of New York.

FTSE Disclaimer

"FTSE┬«", "FT-SE®", "Footsie®", ["FTSE4Good®" and "techMARK"] are trademarks jointly owned by the London Stock Exchange Plc and The Financial Times Limited and are used by FTSE International Limited ("FTSE") under licence. ["All-World®", "All-Share®" and "All-Small®" are trademarks of FTSE.]

The FTSE All World Index data ex-US (AW01UK), FTSE RAFI 1000 Index (FR10UK) and FTSE100 (UKX100) indices are calculated by FTSE. FTSE does not sponsor, endorse or promote this product and is not in any way connected to it and does not accept any liability in relation to its issue, operation and trading.

FSTE data on NASDAQ.com is fifteen (15) minutes delayed.

Notice of Service/Trademark Rights

The trademarks, service marks and logos (collectively, the "Marks") used on the NASDAQ Site are registered and unregistered trademarks and/or service marks owned by NASDAQ, Inc. in the United States and certain other countries throughout the world. Nothing contained on this website should be construed as granting, by implication, estoppel or otherwise, any license or right to use any of the Marks without the written permission of NASDAQ, Inc. Any misuse of the Marks or any Content, except as provided in this statement, is strictly prohibited and may violate trademark laws.

Other brands or product names used on the website are trademarks and/or service marks of their respective owners, should be treated as such, and may be registered in various jurisdictions.

User Generated Content Disclaimer:
Submissions Including Comments, Reader Reviews and More

This User Generated Content Agreement and Disclaimer ("User Content Agreement") represents your legally binding agreement with NASDAQ, Inc. regarding your submission (and NASDAQ, Inc.'s display and distribution) of content to, and usage of, the NASDAQ Site via certain technology, functionality and/or features we make available to you so you can upload, post, and view such content (collectively "UGC") for display on the NASDAQ Site (collectively, the "User Generated Content Submission Features"). This Agreement applies regardless of what type of device you use to view or submit UGC to the NASDAQ Site.

When you submit UGC, or by using or attempting to use the User Generated Content Submission Features, you are signifying your agreement with and acceptance of all terms and conditions of this User Content Agreement.

NASDAQ, Inc. has the right to change the terms and conditions of this User Content Agreement at any time. If you do not agree with all the terms and conditions of this User Content Agreement at any time, including, without limitation, those times when we make changes, do not use, do not attempt to use, and immediately discontinue your use of, the User Generated Content Submission Features; these actions represent an agreement to be bound by all of the terms and conditions of this User Content Agreement, including, without limitation, any changes we have made.

Acceptance of this User Content Agreement signifies a willingness to abide by the following code of conduct:

  • You shall not upload to, or distribute or otherwise publish on to the NASDAQ Site any libelous, defamatory, obscene, pornographic, abusive, or otherwise illegal material.
  • Be courteous. You agree that you will not threaten or verbally abuse other users, use defamatory language, or deliberately disrupt discussions with repetitive messages, meaningless messages or "spam."
  • Use respectful language. Like any community, the online conversation flourishes only when our users feel welcome and safe. You agree not to use language that abuses or discriminates on the basis of race, religion, nationality, gender, sexual preference, age, region, disability, etc. Hate speech of any kind is grounds for immediate and permanent suspension of access to all or part of the NASDAQ Site.
  • Debate, but don't attack. In a community full of opinions and preferences, people always disagree. NASDAQ, Inc. encourages active discussions and welcomes heated debate, but personal attacks are a direct violation of this User Content Agreement and are grounds for immediate and permanent suspension of access to all or part of the NASDAQ Site.
  • Be transparent. Disclose all personal affiliations to companies and holdings in securities when submitting any related UGC.

Do not attempt to manipulate a stock's price. Intentionally concealing a position in a security and/or presenting false or misleading statements in order to manipulate a stock price will not be tolerated. IF NASDAQ DETERMINES THAT YOU ARE ENGAGING IN ANY SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY, NASDAQ, Inc. RESERVES THE RIGHT TO TERMINATE YOUR ACCESS TO ALL OR PART OF THE NASDAQ, Inc. SITE IMMEDIATELY AND, IF DEEMED APPROPRIATE BY NASDAQ, Inc. IN ITS SOLE DISCRETION, NOTIFY ANY RELEVANT GOVERNMENT OR REGULATORY AUTHORITIES.

You acknowledge that any UGC you upload to the NASDAQ Site (including but not limited to: comments, forum messages, reviews, text, video, audio and photographs, as well as computer code and applications) may be edited, removed, modified, published, transmitted, and/or displayed by NASDAQ, Inc. and you waive any rights you may have in having the UGC altered or changed in a manner not agreeable to you. UGC may also be included in NASDAQ, Inc.'s RSS feeds, APIs and likewise be made available for republishing through other formats.

You grant NASDAQ, Inc. a perpetual, nonexclusive, world-wide, royalty free, sub-licensable license to all of your UGC, which includes without limitation the right for NASDAQ, Inc. or any third party it designates, to use, copy, transmit, excerpt, publish, distribute, publicly display, publicly perform, create derivative works of, host, index, cache, tag, encode, modify and adapt (including without limitation the right to adapt to streaming, downloading, broadcast, mobile, digital, thumbnail, scanning or other technologies) in any form or media now known or hereinafter developed, including any UGC posted on or to the NASDAQ, Inc. Site through a third party.

NASDAQ, Inc. reserves the right to delete, move, or edit any UGC that it, in its sole discretion, deems abusive, defamatory, obscene, in violation of copyright or trademark laws, or otherwise unacceptable.